Vanchilingam Hospital Thanjavur




A bulge or ballooning in a blood vessel in the brain can be termed as a brain aneurysm. It could rupture or leak and might lead to hemorrhagic stroke in the brain. A ruptured brain aneurysm is considered to be dangerous and life-threatening, and this occurs in the space between the brain and the thin tissues covering the brain. A ruptured brain aneurysm is known as subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Notice the signs

Common signs and symptoms of ruptured aneurysm are the following:

  • Sudden headache
  • Severe headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Neck gets stiff
  • Blurred or double vision  
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Seizure
  • The eyelid droops
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Confusion

Leaking aneurysm would have a severe and sudden headache. The unruptured or unharmed aneurysm will show certain signs such as pain above one eye, a dilated pupil, a change in vision, and numbness on one side of the face.


Causes / Risk factors

There are no particular causes for brain aneurysm; however, there are certain risk factors that lead to the problem. It includes the following:

  • Smoking
  • Older age
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Usage of drugs mainly cocaine
  • Consumption of alcohol

There are certain other risk factors which develop at the time of birth, and it includes the following:

  • Inherited connective tissue disorders
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Abnormally narrow aorta
  • Cerebral arteriovenous malformation
  • Family history

 Medical care

With the help of a CT scan, MRI scan, cerebrospinal fluid test, and cerebral angiogram, the doctor would be able to identify the condition. Depending on the condition, the doctor would recommend the treatment options. Normally pain relievers, calcium channel blockers, interventions to prevent a stroke from insufficient blood flow, anti-seizure medications, ventricular or shunt surgery, and rehabilitative therapy would be recommended by the doctor. For severe cases, the doctor would suggest immediate surgery, which includes surgical clipping and endovascular coiling.

Generally, reducing the intake of alcohol and smoking could bring out a drastic difference in the long-run. It is always good to inculcate healthy habits with proper diet and exercise as this could bring a change in the living. At Dr. Vanchilingam Hospital Pvt Ltd, the doctor helps to identify the condition at its early stages and help to relieve the problem.


Blog Reviewed by: Dr. S. Vanchilingam
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