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Movement Disorder ( Muscle Disease) Treatments


What are Movement Disorders?

Treatment for Muscle Diseases

Movement disorders as indicated by the name are the disorders that are associated with both voluntary and involuntary movement of the human beings. These disorders are basically a group of conditions of the nervous system that cause abnormal movements which can be either excessive movement or a retardation of both the voluntary as well as the involuntary movements.

Classification of Movement Disorders
The movement disorders are conventionally classified into two major categories.

  1. Hyperkinetic movement disorders – These refer to the excessive and often repetitive involuntary movements which intrude upon the motor activity’s normal flow.
  2. Hypokinetic movement disorders – These refer to the lack of movement, reduction in the amplitude of movement, slow movement and rigidity.

Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease is a long-term degenerative neurological disorder which affects the motor system of the human body. The disease readily affects the movement of the affected individual including tremors, shaking, slowing down of movement, difficulty to walk and rigidity. In these situations, Dr.Vanchilingam hospital comes to the rescue of the of the affected individuals. Our first motive is to perform a correct diagnosis of the disease and then we offer our premium movement disorder services to the individuals affected with Parkinson’ s disease. We begin with the most effective medications which help in the increase of dopamine in the brain. Carbidopa levodopa, dopamine agonists, MAO B inhibitors, catechol O methyltransferase inhibitors, anticholinergics and amantadine are some of the medicines that we use for the treatment of this movement disorder. In some of the cases where it is suitable our specialist neurosurgeons often apply surgical procedures which is a deep brain stimulation for the effective treatment of the disorder. Apart from this we also offer physical therapy for bringing a significant improvement in the movement of the individual. In our movement disorder services, we have the expertise for administering the Botulinum toxin for spasticity and other disorders related to movement.  

Dystonia
Dystonia is another of the common movement disorder in which the muscles of the affected individual contract involuntarily resulting in the cause of repetitive or twisting movements. Dystonia can affect in three ways.

  1. Affecting only one part of the body that is focal dystonia
  2. Affecting two or more adjacent parts of the body that is segmental dystonia
  3. Affecting all parts of the body that is general dystonia

Irrespective of the type in which dystonia affects the individuals, Dr.Vanchilingam hospital is ready to take care of it. We make the effective use of Botox which is directly injected into the affected muscles of the patients to help in the improvement of their movement. Apart from the use of Botox, we use some of the effective medications that help the neurotransmitters in the brain to perform normally so that movement disorder can be prevented. Our movement disorder services also include therapy and surgery in the extremely severe cases.

Services We Offer
There are a number of movement disorders that affect a large number of individuals and our hospital offers all types of movement disorder services with Parkinson’s disease and dystonia as a special interest.

Authored By Dr Somesh Vanchilingam - Neuro Specialist, Thanjavur

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